1920: The Nazi Party is Founded
On October 16, 1919, Adolf Hitler first spoke to The German Worker’s Party (DAP) which supported national socialism. Praised for his speaking talent, Hitler became the chief of propaganda for the party. His Hofbräuhaus speech given on this day in 1920 led to the name change the “National Socialist German Workers’ Party” or Nazi Party. It was then that the party officially announced that persons of “pure Aryan descent” could become members and their spouses had to be “racially pure” as well.
1868: First Impeached President
The impeachment of Andrew Johnson was initiated on this day in 1868. There were 11 articles of impeachment listed for the 17th president of the United States including the primary charge of violating the Tenure of Office Act which was passed by Congress in 1867. Johnson had removed the secretary of war, Edwin M. Stanton, from office and had attempted to replace him with Brevet Major General Lorenzo Thomas. He became impeached a week later.
1863: Arizona is organized as a United States Territory
- 1955: Steve Jobs (co-founder of Apple)
- 1966: Billy Zane (actor)
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